By Nina Nuraisyah
Kuala Kurun, 6 June 2011: The plan for developing Micro Hydro Power Plant (MHP) in the Village Harowu, Manahasa Miri Sub-District, Gunung Mas (Gumas) District-Central Kalimantan initiated by WWF-Indonesia has received full support from the Head of District Gunung Mas, Drs Hambit Bintih, MM. It was presented during the opening presentation and socialization of Development of Micro Hydro Power Plant to the Village Harowu, in the Hall of District Office, Kuala Kurun.
For years Harowu Village community, the upstream region of Central Kalimantan, which borders to West Kalimantan Province, have not been able to enjoy electricity from State Electricity Company. "We are obliged to share the experience we have to improve the prosperity of the villages in the area of Gunung Mas," he said.
Presentation and dissemination activities of MHP development is also expected by Head of District Gumas to be the moment for all parties for further explore the development of MHP development in Gunung Mas. "It is expected that the development of MHP in the Village Harowu will be not only become the euphoria for using renewable energy, but it is also an initiative of all parties to advance a village in the remote area of Kalimantan," he added.
MHP development in the village at the tip of Miri River will also be the subject of study for Gumas District government in developing the MHP in the region that also has the potential and the typology which is similar to the Village Harowu. Head of District also asked the head of the office relating to explore the potential resources in this district.
Meanwhile Muller-Schwaner Program Coordinator WWF-Indonesia, Ambang Wijaya, in terms of the rise of global climate change issues and the needs of electrical energy in the villages included in the regional Heart of Borneo, WWF-Indonesia tries to introduce new forms of energy sources that can be used by people with facilitating the development of MHP in the Village Harowu.
According to him, the construction of MHP is not only to provide lighting for the village, but also to educate that there are many potential natural resources besides the fossil fuels that can be utilized for the needs of human life. In addition, the Indonesian Government also intensifies to promote the use of environmentally friendly and renewable energy sources. As stipulated in the Presidential Regulation No. 5 Year 2006 on National Energy Policy which states that, later in the year 2025 petroleum consumption is expected to drop to 20%, natural gas rose to 30%, coal up to 30%, while the new and renewable energy up to 17%.
"Indonesia has enough micro-hydro power potential, especially in mountainous areas, and then they became one of the new renewable energy alternatives, particularly for rural areas that are difficult to reach by the State Electricity Company’s network because of geographic conditions and inaccessibility. But referring to the PP. 5 year 2006, MHP has not only seen as an alternative, but also as a permanent solution to the need for electricity at a site,” added Ambang.
The sustainability of MHP is considered very important, because it is part of a comprehensive rural development process and national development in general. It would require the government’s role in institutional policy framework that supports implementation of the MHP at the community level.
From the economical aspect, MHP can provide multiple benefits, namely saving of energy expenditures compared to the use of other energy sources, and the driver of the emergence of productive activities by utilizing the energy generated. Productive effort is urgently needed to foster self-reliance of communities to manage sustainably MHP, and on the other side it would also rotate the rural economy. For having maximum result, it is necessary to have a guide to see the potential and develop productive ventures based microhydro.
The Government of Gunung Mas District Supports the Development of Renewble Energy Sources.
By Nina Nuraisyah