HoB Important Areas

HoB Important Areas

The important area in the Heart of Borneo consists of…

What You Can Do?

HoB area has the functions and carrying capacity of the environment that are important for 15 million people in Borneo.…


1. What is Heart of Borneo (HoB)?

Heart of Borneo (HoB) is an initiative of Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia and Malaysia based on the principles of conservation and sustainable development for the tropical highland forests in Borneo. The HoB initiative's goal is to preserve and maintain   the sustainability of one of Borneo's best remaining rain forests, for the welfare of present and future generations. Heart of Kalimantan or Jantung Kalimantan is Indonesian part of the HoB.

2. What is the area of Heart of Borneo?

The HoB area covers approximately 23 million hectares of ecologically connected forest across three countries. A large portion of this land – of which 72% is dominated by tropical rain forests – is located in Indonesia.





Total Brunei Darussalam




West Kalimantan



Central Kalimantan



East Kalimantan



Total Indonesia










Total Malaysia






The status of forest in the HoB area  in Indonesia's three provinces is the following:
1. West Kalimantan
a. Protected Forest : 1.243.930 Ha
b. Production Forest : 359.305 Ha
c. Conversion Production Forest : 108.153 Ha
d. Limited Production Forest : 1.201.309 Ha
e. National Park : 1.024.163 Ha
f. Water Bodies : 18.037 Ha
g. Nature Recreation Park : 1.842 Ha
h. Other Land Use : 890.518 Ha

2. Central Kalimantan
a. Protected Forest : 611.447 Ha
b. Production Forest : 92.827 Ha
c. Conversion Production Forest : 34.030 Ha
d. Limited Production Forest : 1.960.780 Ha
e. National Park : 125.600 Ha
f. Nature Reserve : 197.128 Ha
g. Water Bodies : 5.478 Ha
h. Other Land Use : 778 Ha

3. East Kalimantan 
a. Protected Forest : 2.398.152 Ha
b. Production Forest : 644.034 Ha
c. Limited Production Forest : 3.899.666 Ha
d. National Park : 1.312.243 Ha
e. Other Land Use : 607.789 Ha

3. Why is Heart of Borneo initiative important?

HoB area's seven main characteristics and functions are forest cover, mega biodiversity, water tower catchment, altitude regions, carbon storage, social and cultural preservation and ecotourism.

One of HoB's vital functions is as a water tower or catchment area which includes 14 of the 20 main rivers – such as the Barito, Mahakam and Kapuas Rivers – on the island.

The HoB area boasts unsurpassed biological richness with about 40 to 50% of the world's flora and fauna found in Borneo. What's more, in the last 10 years approximately 361 new species of flora and fauna have been discovered in the region.

The area is also home to, and a source of, livelihood for most of the Dayak tribes who have a diverse range of social and cultural characteristics. Economically, socially and culturally, Dayak communities depend on the forests for food, shelter, medicine and customs.

In the last decade, each year, at least 1.2 million hectares of Indonesia's forests have been to large scale logging activities and forest conservation. Some of this occurred in the HoB area. This is caused by logging activities and large scale diversion of forest function.

Currently, there is no more than 60% of Borneo's original forest remaining. If the practices of irresponsible utilization continue, the existence of forests will continue to decline, resulting in reduced function of forests, biodiversity loss and the rising incidence of natural disasters.

Wise management of the HoB area, therefore, will help maintain the sustainability of one Borneo's best remaining rain forests for the welfare of present and future generations.

4. Why Heart of Borneo, not Heart of Kalimantan?

The name Borneo refers to the whole island, which has already been recognized internationally. Kalimantan refers only to the Indonesian part of the island. The joint name demonstrates that Borneo is jointly owned by the three countries that cooperate in the HoB initiative. In Indonesia, it is known as the Heart Kalimantan Program.

5. Where is Heart of Borneo area in Indonesia?

In the HoB declaration of 2007 it was outlined tIn the HoB declaration of 2007 it was outlined that the HoB area covers 10 districts in three provinces; West Kalimantan (Sintang, Melawi and Kapuas Hulu), Central Kalimantan (Katingan, Gunung Mas, Barito Utara and Murung Raya) and East Kalimantan (Malinau, Nunukan and Kutai Barat).

During its development in March 2008, the Indonesian Government issued Government Regulation No. 26 of 2008 which initiated the HoB area as one of the National Strategic Areas (KSN) in Indonesia. In this KSN, the HoB area became 16 districts with the addition of two districts in Central Kalimantan (Kapuas and Seruyan) and four districts in East Kalimantan (Kutai Timur, Kutai Kartanegara, Berau and Bulungan).

7. What is conservation and sustainable development in the Heart of Borneo?

The HoB initiative's two main issues are conservation and sustainable development. Conservation in the HoB area means improving the management of conservation areas such as national parks, protected forests, wildlife reserves, nature reserves and other protected areas. Outside conservation areas, sustainable development techniques such as sustainable forest management, sustainable agricultural development and better management practices, are employed.

7. What is the program of Heart of Borneo after declaration?

In the second HoB trilateral meeting in April 2008, the three countries agreed on five main programs. These were:
1. Transboundary management;
2. Protected areas management;
3. Sustainable natural resources management;
4. Ecotourism developement;
5. Capacity building.

8. Who will manage the Heart of Borneo?

HoB is a government initiative; therefore its programs and activities are initiated by the government, in collaboration with partners.

The National Working Group (Pokjanas) at the national level, the Provincial Working Group (Pokjaprov) at the provincial and District Working Group (Pokjakab) at the district level. HoB Pokjanas works to facilitate the issues that occur at the national level, as well as each Pokjaprov and Pokjakab to the issues at provincial and district levels. Pokjanas members are representatives of relevant ministries and Pokjaprov that established under Decree of Minister of Forestry. Likewise for Pokjaprov and Pokjakab, its members are from agencies and related institutions, set by the Governor and the Head of District.

The HoB partners are relevant institutions, non-governmental organizations, communities or social groups, and other organizations. These partners have an important role in helping the government to carry out the HoB activities. Partners can work together with governments, individually or in collaboration with other non-governmental agencies.

9. What is the strategic plan and action of Heart of Borneo in Indonesia?

The national Strategic Plan and Action (SPA) of the HoB is as follows:
(1) Inter province and district cooperation:
      • Sustainable land use.
      • Policy reform.
      • Institutional capacity building.
(2) Protected areas management:
      • Policy advocacy.
      • Protected area management and information.
      • Community Enpowerment.
      • Private sector/state owned enterprises (BUMN) Engagement.
(3) Natural resources management outside the protected areas:
      • Policy reform.
      • Sustainable land use.
      • Information and monitoring system.
(4) Institutional strengthening and sustainable financing:
     • Institutional capacity empowerment.
     • Sectoral policy reform.
     • Promotion sustainable financing.

10. What is the status of Heart of Borneo in national spatial plan?

Since 2008, the HoB area has been designated as National Strategic Area (KSN) by the Government of Indonesia, with the terms of Land Border Regions of the Republic of Indonesia and Jantung Kalimantan (Heart of Borneo) in the Province of West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and East Kalimantan. KSN is defined as priority space with a crucial influence on the maintenance of national security, economic growth, socio-cultural preservation, natural resource utilization and functionality, and carrying capacity of the environment. Function and environmental carrying capacity is especially important and relevant to the HoB area, as are the protection of biodiversity and protected areas, and the ensured balance of land use, water and macro climate. HoB programs always align with the regional spatial planning and development plans.

11. Why should three countries cooperate on the HoB initiative?

The HoB area borders three countries that have joint ecological investment in the healthy functioning of the Borneo forests. Socioculturally, the border communities in Indonesia and Malaysia have a very close relationships. Hence, the encouragement of border community based economic development is important as a cross-border cooperation program.  

This cooperation is based on the understanding that each country respects and follows the rules of their fellow border countries. But they also have many things in common. Natural resource management policies - referring to the principles of conservation and sustainable development - is one of them.

12. Can Heart of Borneo contribute to transboundary area security?

Securing the border, in this sense, means to strengthen the role of society in economic, social and cultural activities. From an economic point of view, it means strengthening the communities through economic activity based on the utilization of local resources. Securing the border socially and culturally means strengthening the role of communities in natural resource management and environment.

13. Heart of Borneo is cooperation of three countries (Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia and Malaysia, what is the legal consequences of this cooperation?

When the HoB initiative was developed, it was based on the existing rules and regulations of each HoB country. Although the HoB initiative is nonbinding, continuous efforts to commit are encouraged so conservation and sustainable development based on community involvement can be achieved. These commitments are implemented in the form of joint or independent activities in each country.  

14. What kind of economical activities can be done in the Heart of Borneo?

One of HoB's most important goals is helping implement sustainable economic development. Economic activities must refer to the rules of sustainable development. For example, HoB encourages oil palm plantation developments to refer to Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) and Roundtable Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) requirements. HoB also maintains that certification should always be sought for forestry sector activities and better management practices should be employed for the mining sector - ensuring sustainable forest management on all fronts.

15. How can the rights of local community and their involvement in the Heart of Broneo program?

Local communities and indigenous peoples are important stakeholders in the HoB initiative. Their existence and role are crucial as any management activities should always involve the participation of the community. The aim is to encourage ownership and responsibility for sustainability. Therefore, community capacity building is an important and major part of programs in the HoB. It is hoped the community has the ability to manage its natural resources – knowing their rights and obligations – wisely  and responsibly.

16. Where is the source of funding for the Heart of Borneo initiaitve? How is this being managed?

 As the HoB is a government initiatve, the majority of funding comes from them. Funding is derived from national budget revenue & expenditure (APBN) and regional budget revenue & expenditure (APBD).
In the implementation of HoB, related partners have allocated funding obtained from other parties (donors, for example) or from government partners.

Currently HoB is developing sustainable financing schemes  which are sourced from the government, other state donors, Corporate Social Resposibility or CSR from private  or other non-governmental institutions both nationally and internationally. In addition, sustainable financing mechanisms, based on the potential for environmental services (Payment for Environmental Services, PES),  are being developed. PES is refered to as service water, carbon, biodiversity, ecotourism and so on.